A modus vivendi is an instrument that registers a temporary or provisional international agreement, which must be replaced by a regulation of a more permanent and detailed nature. It is generally informal and never needs to be ratified. A bilateral agreement is an agreement between two states that is legally binding only for these two states and whose benefits are generally not shared with other (third countries). IpPC is a contract to prevent the introduction and spread of pests to plants and plant products and currently has 177 government recipients. IPPC has developed plant health guidelines and serves as a reporting centre and source of information. Seven regional plant protection organizations have been established under the aegis of ipPC. For example, the North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) consists of the United States, Canada and Mexico, which participate through APHIS, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and the Plant Health Directorate. The European and Mediterranean Organization for the Protection of Plants (EPPO) is an intergovernmental organisation that is also responsible, within the framework of the IPPC, for plant health cooperation between 50 countries in the European and Mediterranean region. “Any treaty and international agreement reached by a member of the United Nations … Be registered and published by the Secretariat as soon as possible.” (Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations) In the same year, a specific pre-accession strategy was put in place for Cyprus. A strategy for Malta was adopted in 1998. Since 1999, Turkey, like the other candidate countries, has benefited from a pre-accession strategy.
Pre-accession strategies for Cyprus and Malta were based on a bilateral agreement that establishes a single basis for a country`s aid. Each candidate country for EU membership has such an agreement with the EU. Integration is a political and economic agreement between countries that favours Member States.  General integration can be achieved in three different ways: the World Trade Organization (WTO), bilateral integration and regional integration.  In the context of bilateral integration, only two countries cooperate economically, while regional integration brings together several countries at the same geographical distance from organizations such as the European Union (EU) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Indeed, mobility factors such as capital, technology and labour, as well as the strategies of transnational integration mentioned above, are highlighted. IMF member countries are helping to set up a pool of loans in the event of balance-of-payments problems. The reason for this regime is that private international capital markets operate imperfectly and that many countries have limited access to financial markets. In the absence of access to IMF financing, many countries can only correct significant imbalances in international payments through drastic measures that can have a negative impact on their own economies and the world`s economies. The IMF provides other sources of financing to countries in difficulty that would not otherwise be available to them. The imf`s role was profoundly altered by exchange rate fluctuations after 1971.
It was at this time that the organization began to examine the economic policy of its beneficiaries to determine whether a capital shortage was due to economic fluctuations or economic policy measures. The IMF also looked at what types of government policies would ensure economic recovery. The current challenge is to help countries implement economic policies that reduce the frequency of crises among emerging countries, particularly in middle-income countries, which are vulnerable to massive capital outflows. To meet this challenge, the IMF`s activities have extended beyond exchange rate monitoring to monitor the macroeconomic performance of its member states.